2012年5月17日 星期四

This little piggy went to market.

This little piggy

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"This Little Piggy"
Roud #19297
Written by Traditional
Published 1760
Written England
Language English
Form Nursery rhyme
"This Little Piggy" or "This little pig" is an English language nursery rhyme and fingerplay. It has a Roud Folk Song Index number of 19297.



Children playing This Little Pig.[1]
The most common modern version is:
This little piggy went to market.
This little piggy stayed home.
This little piggy had roast beef,
This little piggy had none.
And this little piggy went wee wee wee all the way home.[2]

Finger play

"... This little piggy had roast beef..."
The rhyme is usually counted out on a person's toes, each line corresponding to a different toe, usually starting with the big toe and ending with the little toe. A foot tickle is usually added during the "Wee...all the way home" section of the last line. It varies by the intensity of the tickle, and which parts of the foot are tickled. These often depend on by whom the game is played. The rhyme can also be seen as a counting rhyme, although the number of each toe (from 1 for the big toe to 5 for the little toe) is never stated. The game is usually played on a baby or young child.


The first line of this rhyme was quoted in a medley "The Nurse's Song," written about 1728, a full version was not recorded until it was published in The Famous Tommy Thumb's Little Story-Book, published in London about 1760.[3] It then appeared with slight variations in many late eighteenth and early nineteenth century collections. Until the mid-twentieth century the lines referred to "little pigs."[3]


  1. ^ Wentworth. Work and Play with Numbers. p. 14.
  2. ^ Herman, D. (2007). The Cambridge Companion to Narrative. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 9.
  3. ^ a b Opie, I.; Opie, P. (1951). The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes (1997 ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 349–50.


Wentworth, George; Smith, David Eugene (1912). Work and Play with Numbers. Boston: Ginn & Company.

 英國豬走向中國餐桌This little piggy went to China's ravenous market英國《金融時報》 路易絲•盧卡斯報導

Britain's ailing pig industry will be able to start exporting offal, trotters and other culinary delights to China, the world's biggest pig meat market, under a breakthrough trade deal to be sealed as early as next week.
Jim Paice, the agriculture minister, is heading to Beijing this weekend to put the finishing touches to an agreement that has been five years in the making.
本週末,英國農業大臣吉姆•佩斯(Jim Paice)將赴北京,為一項磋商了5年的協議敲定最後一筆。
“I'm almost certain that during my visit we will be able to tie up the final loose ends and British pork can be on its way to China,” Mr Paice said. “We estimate we can easily sell £50m of pig meat almost at the drop of a hat.”
British pig farmers, abattoirs and processors are struggling in the face of high input costs and of pricing constrained by aggressive retailers trying to win over cash-strapped consumers. The industry, which generates a net contribution of £300m to the economy, has halved in the past decade.
Sales of the “fifth quarter” – tails, ears and other parts spurned by British diners – would build on a healthy trade in chicken feet and hearts already sold to China.
Sell ​​ing the bits that would otherwise be binned, at a cost, should theoretically fatten the incomes of abattoirs and farmers, said Chris Jackson, export director at the British Pig Association. It should not result in pricier bacon at home.
英國養豬協會(British Pig Association)出口主管克里斯•傑克遜(Chris Jackson)表示,這些部位原本只能以較高的成本丟棄,現在銷往中國,理論上可以增加屠宰場和農民的收入,而且應該不會導致英國國內培根價格上漲。
Chinese farmers sell their pigs for twice as much as their British peers, partly because of the country's insatiable appetite for all things pork and “because they are not being screwed by the supermarkets – yet”, said Mr Jackson.
According to the OECD, China produces and consumes half the global output of pig meat. Chinese demand is growing as more wealth translates into more meat on dinner tables. “There is no doubt at all – and the Chinese are quite open about this – that they cannot produce their own pig meat supplies for the foreseeable future,” said Mr Paice.
British pigs have greater fertility, with the average sow producing twice as many piglets a year – up to 32 – as her Chinese cousin. That explains the next export agenda: pig semen.
The UK already sells live breeding pigs to China but has struggled to jump through veterinary hoops on semen. Mr Jackson said he will invite Chinese vets next week to make inspections in late July.
He believes genetics is “what China rea​​lly wants”. Despite the small size of the British industry Mr Jackson says it is a world leader. “Even America comes to us to buy genetics, mainly pigs but also sheep and cattle.” Genetics improves pig economics, he says. British pigs can be fattened up for the kill in just three months but Chinese pigs take a year – or about 260 additional days of 6kg of cereal-based feed for half-a-billion animals. “Take that away and you can see how the genetics industry can do such a wonderful job for planet Earth,” said Mr Jackson.
他認為,基因才是“中國真正想要的”。傑克遜表示,儘管英國養豬產業規模小,卻是全球的佼佼者。 “連美國人都跑過來向我們購買基因,主要是豬的基因,不過也有牛羊。”他表示,基因可以改善養豬經濟。英國豬隻要3個月就能養夠膘,屠宰,但中國豬要用1年——即中國的5億頭豬,每頭要用6千克穀物飼料多餵養260天左右。傑克遜表示:“減去這些額外投入,你會發現基因工業可以給行星地球帶來如此美妙的變化。”
While farmers applaud Westminster's efforts, even Mr Paice conceded the country has lost a head start. “The fact is we export more food to Belgium than we do to all the Bric countries [Brazil, Russia, India and China] together,” he said . “That's a pretty damning indictment of our efforts.”