The "Spirit of the Years" say that Pitt's words,
PITT (standing up after repeated calls)
My lords and gentlemen:--You have toasted me
As one who has saved England and her cause.
I thank you, gentlemen, unfeignedly.
But--no man has saved England, let me say:
England has saved herself, by her exertions:
She will, I trust, save Europe by her example!
[Loud applause, during which he sits down, rises, and sits down again. The scene then shuts, and the night without has place.]
SPIRIT OF THE YEARS
Those words of this man Pitt--his last large words,
As I may prophesy--that ring to-night
In their first mintage to the feasters here,
Will spread with ageing, lodge, and crystallize,
And stand embedded in the English tongue
Till it grow thin, outworn, and cease to be.--
So is't ordained by That Which all ordains;
For words were never winged with apter grace.
Or blent with happier choice of time and place,
To hold the imagination of this strenuous race.
... Will spread with ageing, lodge, and crystallize,
And stand embedded in the English tongue
Till it grows thin, outworn and ceased to be..
━━ n. 老化; （酒などの）熟成 .
To be or become embedded: The ball lodged in the fence.
. 停留 ;嵌入 ;卡住 [Q][(+in)]
A bullet lodged in his left shoulder.
『哈代創作論集』、『托馬斯 哈代— 思想和創作』
dy·nast (dī'năst', -nəst) n. 王朝的君主, 元首； 日本語 (Japanese)n. - 支配者, 君主
A ruler, especially a hereditary one.
[Latin dynastēs, from Greek dunastēs, lord, from dunasthai, to be able.]
dy·nas·ty (dī'nə-stē) n., pl. -ties. n. - 朝代, 王朝
A succession of rulers from the same family or line.
A family or group that maintains power for several generations: a political dynasty controlling the state.
[Middle English dynastie, from Old French, from Late Latin dynastīa, lordship, from Greek dunasteia, from dunastēs, lord. See dynast.]
【 A sports dynasty is a team which has a run of successive championships. 】
2004 年讀到：……「規模宏大，氣勢磅礡的史詩劇《列王》（ 1907-08 HC按：應為 1903-08，即《统治者》）。這部以拿破崙戰爭為題材，
哈代『統治者』（十冊）（ THE DYNASTS: AN EPIC-DRAMA OF THE WAR WITH NAPOLEON ）杜衡譯（漢譯世界名著甲編六百冊），台北：商務印書館，196
◎ (德) 海纳（海涅 ）著《还乡集》，杜衡译，尚志书屋出版，1929。
◎ 蘇汶( 杜衡) 譯的《無產階級藝術底批評》，1928 ；
日文有Ｔｈｅ ｄｙｎａｓｔｓ ( 『霸者』詩劇--- 研究社英文学叢書) / Ｔｈｏｍａｓ Ｈａｒｄｙ著・〔沢村寅二郎訳注〕1983
The dynasts : an epic-drama of the war with Napoleon, in three parts, nineteen acts, and one hundred and thirty scenes, the time covered by the action being about ten years / by Thomas Hardy ; edited by Harold Orel. - London : Macmillan , 1978. - (His The new Wessex edition).
Thomas Hardy's epic drama: a study of The Dynasts.
H Orel Lawrence, University of Kansas Publications, 1963
Hardy's Poetic Vision in the Dynasts: The Diorama of a Dream S Dean
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1977
The overworld debate in Thomas Hardy' s The dynasts -
JL Harris University of North Carolina at Greensboro , 1988
[CITATION] The dynasts: unity in irony, a critical study. HG Posey
University of Wisconsin, 1964
Thomas Hardy, Monism, and the Carnival Tradition: The One and the Many in the Dynasts
G. Glen Wickens ( 著) ハードカバー (2002/08/01) Univ of Toronto Pr
Thomas Hardy's Tragic Poetry: The Lyrics and the Dynasts
Katherine Kearney Maynard ( 著)
Thomas Hardy's tragic poetry: the lyrics and The dynasts
KK Maynard Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press, 1991
Thomas Hardy and the Cosmic Mind: A New Reading of The Dynasts - JO Bailey -
Chapel Hill : The University of North Carolina Press, 1956
The dynasts; an epic-drama of the war with Napoleon. - T Hardy London, New York, Macmillan; St. Martin 's Press, 1965
Thomas Hardy; a study of the Wessex novels, the poems, and The dynasts. HC Duffin -
Manchester : UP of Manchester, 1937
Thomas Hardy and the Cosmic Mind: A New Reading of the Dynasts –
The Dynasts is "an epic-drama of the war with Napoleon, in three parts, nineteen acts and one hundred and thirty scenes" by Thomas Hardy, whose parts were published in 1904, 1906 and 1908 respectively. The action is impossible to present on stage due to its elaborate battle-scenes and it is therefore usually counted as a closet drama.
The design of The Dynasts is extremely ambitious, on a similar scale to War and Peace. Scenes of ordinary life are juxtaposed with scenes involving the principal historical figures of the age, and concentrating on their desire to found dynasties in order to preserve their power. There are extensive descriptions of landscape and battle scenes that are characterised by shifts of visual perspective that anticipate cinematic techniques. The drama is also notable for an extensive tragic chorus of metaphysical figures who observe and discuss the events.
Hardy regarded The Dynasts as his magnum opus and devoted much of his later life to its completion, but the work was not well-received and later critics have seen little reason to reverse that judgement. There is a case to be made, however, for the drama's having pioneered techniques that would later be regarded as characterising literary Modernism. Moreover, The Dynasts remains of interest to those studying Hardy's novels, both for the insight into his world-view and for its examination of a character mentioned famously but briefly at the end of Tess of the d'Urbervilles: the "President of the Immortals".
|Main Auth||Hardy, Thomas, 1840-1928|
|Title/Auth||The dynasts, an epic-drama of the war with Napoleon / with intro. and notes by Torajiro Sawamura 澤村寅二郎|
|Imprint||Tokyo : Kenkyusha, 1939|